Smoking, alcohol consumption and obesity are three major risk factors for noncommunicable diseases. Population exposure to air pollution is also a critical non-medical determinant of health. All data refer to 2015 or nearest year.
The statistical data for Israel are supplied by and under the responsibility of the relevant Israeli authorities. The use of such data by the OECD is without prejudice to the status of the Golan Heights, East Jerusalem and Israeli settlements in the West Bank under the terms of international law.